What kind of depression?
All mental illnesses are complex, and the individual’s experience will vary from person to person. Determining what depression is can be difficult.
What is the difference between feeling down and being depressed?
Add into that the understanding that grief is not classed as depression. So, mental health professionals tend to look at the overall symptoms and try to identify several criteria to form a diagnosis. This is usually just asking the patient list of questions to form a conclusion.
Major depression is a quite common form of depression, often caricaturised by an overwhelming feeling of negativity and helplessness and worthlessness. Other symptoms range from being unable to sleep or sleeping too much, losing their appetite, and the inability to feel any pleasure from any activities. They may shun all social activities and stop washing, and generally neglect their personal hygiene.
Treatment is usually the same for other kinds of depression with anti-depressants and talk therapy like psychotherapy, and general counselling offered when available.
People going to their doctor will generally be given a classification regarding how severe their depression is at that time.
Usually, the diagnosis is established through identifying symptoms from a checklist of standard questions to understand the severity. These questions will cover things like moods eating habits sleep patterns and wellbeing.
The diagnosis can range from mild and moderate to server depression. If the depression is classed as mild or moderate the patient could be offered a range of talk therapies, including General counselling or psychotherapy and CBT, and in some cases, antidepressants, depending on the doctor.
With severe depression, doctors will offer anti-depressants and talk therapy but may also refer patients to a psychiatrist or psychologist for further evaluation.
Most depression is short-lived and only lasts a few weeks, any longer and people do need to seek help, depression is treatable, and most people make a full recovery.
Dysthymia also referred to as Persistent depressive disorder, is classed as a low mood that persists for two or more years People with this form of depression lose interest in hobbies or anything they usually used to enjoy.
Everything can seem harder to do, from daily tasks like shopping and cleaning to being unable to feel any enjoyment. They may seem like all they do is complain or moan about everything.
It lowers people’s self-esteem creates feelings of helplessness and inadequacy. This condition interferes with everything from relationships and work, to personal hygiene.
Treatment for this condition can be complicated, but with a combination of psychotherapy and medication, progress can be effective in the long term.
The old term was manic depression, but today it is usually called bipolar disorder. Why people develop it is unclear, but there are some clues that some events can activate it. Such as overwhelming stress and life-changing events. But it may be mainly due to physical reasons and driven by brain chemistry and/or genetic factors. Currently, the reasons why people develop this issue remains mainly unknown at this time.
People who experience bipolar behaviours often express it as manic episodes that range from being severely depressed to hyperactive and overly focused or compulsive. But the severity and frequency can be dependent on the person.
The only effective treatment for many is medication, but some people who only have mild symptoms can use therapy and self-awareness to help modify moods and behaviours.
It is a common form of depression in found in about 10% of mothers who have just given birth. Symptoms range from being generally down and constantly crying to more severe symptoms, sometimes making it difficult for the mother to look after herself or the baby. It is critical the mother is given the support needed in these difficult times to help her adjust.
Why it happens is complicated, but considering the huge changes to the mother’s life, and the hormonal changes on top of that. This is obviously a lot of emotional and physical adjustment to deal with in one go. Often called post-natal depression. Not forgetting that fathers are not immune and can also be affected by their own form of postnatal depression.
Depression can also happen during pregnancy. This is often referred to as Prenatal depression or antenatal depression.
Is a classification of depression where people with severe clinical depression also exhibit symptoms of psychosis, including delusional thinking.
psychotic episodes may include hearing voices and seeing things that are not there (hallucinations). They may feel persecuted or guilty of something they have not done and think people are after them.
They may not be able to rest and look constantly agitated or do the opposite and thinking and movements become slowed.
Treatment is usually a combination of medication such as antipsychotics and antidepressants and may include talk therapy. In cases that do not respond to treatment electroconvulsive therapy may be suggested as a method of treatment.